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- General Studies: APA Style
- How to Critique an Article? All you Need to Know!
- APA Style - General Studies - LibGuides at Columbia Southern University
- Creating an APA Title Page
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Citing Non-Traditional Sources. Essay Writing. Formating Formal Assignments. Reference Citations.
General Studies: APA Style
Writing a Research Paper. Court Case. CSU Study Guide. Journal Article from a Database. Magazine Article. Newspaper Article. Online Magazine Article. Online Newspaper Article. When writing a journal article, literature review, convention paper, or any other academic document, authors must include in-text citations whenever they refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. In addition, every time a wok is cited within a paper in APA, a parenthetical citation , a corresponding entry must be included in the reference list.
APA American Psychological Association is the style the formatting style most used to cite sources within the social sciences and in several other academic disciplines. In research papers, in-text citations are most commonly used in the Introduction and Results sections. This resource provides detailed guidelines for citing sources in your paper and includes examples of in-text citation for reference by research authors. When referring to external work or referencing an entire work but not directly quoting the material, you only need to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your citation.
The results of the first enzyme study Chen et al. If you have referred to the author of the work in the sentence or earlier in the paragraph, you only need to include the year of publication in the citation.
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APA style requires authors to use past tense or present perfect tense NOT present tense when using signal phrases to refer to or discuss previous research. When referring to a specific work or works, place the citation publication date only directly after the author of the study referenced.
How to Critique an Article? All you Need to Know!
Klinge and Rogers found that mirroring is instrumental in developments of performative gender roles. When giving information that reflects the results or implications of previous work, place the citation author and publication date at the end of the sentence. Mirroring has been found to be instrumental in the development of performative gender roles Klinge and Rogers, Kazinsky, Include the page number in parentheses at the end of the quoted text. Note that the quotation marks surround the text only, and not the parenthetical citation.
APA Style - General Studies - LibGuides at Columbia Southern University
Long direct quotations are those with at least 40 words of quoted text in a row. Long quotes should be placed in a separate block of lines without quotation marks , similar to creating a new paragraph. Begin the quotation on a new line and indent 0. Type the entire quotation within these new margins and using double-spacing. Include the parenthetical citation after the final punctuation mark. This tendency could be attributed to either a misunderstanding of correct methodology or to a feeling of freedom to explore different approaches that the researchers have yet to employ.
Creating an APA Title Page
When paraphrasing the ideas of another work , you only need to cite the author and year of publication in your in-text citation. APA guidelines encourage this inclusion but do not require it.
When making an in-text citation of works by multiple authors, there are specific rules to follow depending on the number of authors of a work and the number of times you have cited these works. When citing two or more sources with the same author and year of publication, assign lowercase letters directly after the year of publication a, b, c according to alphabetical order of titles. You will use the same alphabetical designations in your in-text citations that you do in your References section.
For example, if the Franklin review article you are citing includes a useful quote by Adams that supports your paper, your in-text citation would look like this:. When citing an entire website with no specific webpage or article given , simply provide the title and web address within the text of your paper.
No citation is needed in the References. A webpage with an individual author or authors should be cited in the same way as other texts, with the name or names written first, followed by the publication year. Even when some central information is missing from a website e. You must be logged in to post a comment.