Fort sumter research paper

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  2. Essay Example-Factors behind the Civil War
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  4. Essay on Battle of Fort Sumter
  5. Fort Sumter National Monument, South Carolina (Revised), by Frank Barnes

Strong Essays words 1. The fort was not even complete when war broke out. This was a big turning point for the United States of America. It separated the north from the south and in some cases it separated families. This war would impact how the United States saw slavery. It is the most deadly war that the United States has every seen in its history.

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It all began with the secession of South Carolina. After this an understanding was established between the authorities in Washington and the members of Congress from South Carolina South Carolina had major military and political importance throughout the Civil War. South Carolina was the battleground of many significant events during this time. South Carolina had many important battles fought on its territory, Fort Sumter.

Fort Sumter is an island in the Charleston Harbor, its main purpose for being built was to protect the harbor This event leads to the great and terrible war that destroys families and a way of life for some people. This is one event change the south for good and for bad. This event started the Civil War. After Lincoln won the Election of , many of the southern states were thinking about secession from the United States.

On twenty of December, South Carolina secession from the US then six other states followed suit to form the Confederate states of America He was a soldier in many wars and a Union army officer in the Civil War.

He was a man who would do whatever necessary to keep his country united, either at war or in some another conflict. The Confederates reluctantly abandoned the fort, leaving it to be re-claimed by Federal troops. The British attack on Washington, D. A plea from President James Madison led to a government survey of fortifications along the U. The report, completed in , recommended the building of a new fort on a shoal in Charleston Harbor.

Essay Example-Factors behind the Civil War

The new fort would embody "structural durability, a high concentration of armament, and enormous overall fire power. The new fort in Charleston Harbor was named in honor of Thomas Sumter, brigadier general commanding South Carolina militia during the Revolutionary War. Construction of Fort Sumter was slow and difficult, delayed by periods of insufficient funds and a sandbar that required thousands of tons of granite before work on the superstructure could begin.

U.S. History - Secession and the Attack on Fort Sumter

During the mids, workmen began laying 7,, bricks for the 5-foot-thick outer walls that would tower 50 feet above low water level. By , on the eve of the American Civil War, the fort was only 90 percent complete.

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Fort Sumter covered 2. Cannon from its 5 sides gave wide command of the harbor. The 4 shorter walls contained 2 tiers of arched gunrooms. More guns occupied the top level. The fort had 8 powder magazines Magazines in this context means a storage room for arms and ammunition. Fort Sumter was built for guns and a garrison of men. Of the cannon planned for the gunrooms and atop the fort, though, only 15 had been mounted by late When Civil War erupted on April 12 the following year, 60 guns had been mounted by the garrison.

Federal troops manned forts here, angering many Carolinians who believed that state should control its own military installations. The new masonry fort at the entrance to Charleston Harbor was more defensible than the older Fort Moultrie.

Essay on Battle of Fort Sumter

Under cover of darkness, Major Anderson and his troops slipped out of Fort Moultrie and crossed the harbor to Fort Sumter. Several schooners carrying food, munitions, medical supplies, and 45 army wives and children followed the soldiers. Heavy smoke drifted ominously over Fort Moultrie. Before abandoning the fort, Federal troops had spiked the cannon and set fire to the gun carriages to prevent the Confederates from using the ordnance.

In retaliation for taking of Fort Sumter, South Carolina troops were ordered by the governor to take Castle Pinckney — one of several Federal forts in and around Charleston Harbor. On December 27, , the militia secured Castle Pinckney, allowing the Union occupants to leave without bloodshed. Additional state troops seized Fort Moultrie.

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When Federal forces occupied Fort Sumter in December of , they had enough provisions to last four months. In January, a Federal relief ship left New York with supplies for the fort. The unarmed ship turned back without reaching Fort Sumter.

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  5. The presence of women and children in Fort Sumter presented a serious problem. Their lives would be endangered if the fort was fired upon, and there was a dwindling food supply. It is reported and believed that many thousand dollars of this work has been turned out in Troy and vicinity.

    It is said that even now an establishment here is being run day and night in manufacturing bullet machines for the enemy. We sincerely hope the latter report is untrue. But if it is a fact, notice should at once be given to the proprietor by our authorities that the work must stop. No more of this business can be permitted; the act is treason Less than two weeks after the attack, Henry Ward Beecher, an ardent abolitionist, gave a sermon reprinted in Boston's antislavery newspaper, the Liberator, on 26 April in which he attacked the patriotism of Southerners, saying "There has been a spirit of patriotism in the North, but within my memory, never in the South.

    There have been a great many men that have been on both sides. There have been a great many men that have been thrown backward and forward like a shuttle. But it is time for every man to choose one side or the other. We want no shufflers; we want no craven cowards; we want men I will have no commerce, I will not cross palms with a man that disowns liberty in such a struggle as is before us!

    But so long as he stands up with impudent face against the things that are dearest to God's heart, and dearest to the instincts of this people, I shall treat him as what he is-a traitor!

    Fort Sumter National Monument, South Carolina (Revised), by Frank Barnes

    Boatner, Mark M. The Civil War Dictionary. New York: Vintage Books,